Most subterranean insect species are social creepy crawlies, living in huge agreeable gatherings called settlements. Two or more eras may cover in a settlement. These subterranean insect states are separated into three standings — guys, laborers and rulers — and every position performs certain undertakings. Subterranean insect species that have more than one ruler in their homes are called polygyne. States with stand out egg-laying ruler are known as monogyne.

Ruler ants and guys are a piece of the regenerative standings. They are the most vital individuals from a province on the grounds that they guarantee the survival of their species. Ruler ants, paying little heed to species, regularly are bigger than different individuals from their provinces. Ruler ants likewise have thicker bodies, making them effectively recognizable. The bellies of ruler ants are bigger than those of different ants, and they have wing muscles particular to their position.

The lion's share of ruler ants' eggs grow up to wind up wingless, clean female ants, or laborers. Once in a while, winged male and female ants are created to mate. In the wake of mating, guys pass on and, in numerous species, females shed their wings, going ahead to set up new settlements. Ruler ants ordinarily don't search, however utilize the proteins from their rotting flight muscles as a sustenance save. At the point when a settlement's first brood forms into grown-ups, they recover nourishment for their rulers.

In a few animal categories ruler ants can live over 10 years and are the longest living of the three positions. They can create a huge number of eggs amid one lifet